Executive Order 12898: Environmental Justice

Type: 
Executive Orders
Year: 
1994

Executive Order 12898: Environmental Justice

On February 11, 1994, President Clinton issued Executive Order 12898, Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations. This Executive Order requires each federal agency to identify and address, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of its programs, policies and activities on minority and low income populations. EPA and the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) have emphasized the importance of incorporating environmental justice review in the analyses conducted by federal agencies under NEPA and of developing mitigation measures that avoid disproportionate environmental effects on minority and low-income populations.

Affected Communities. The Trustees will identify whether there are any distinct, separate communities which may be potentially affected by any action under a NRDA Restoration Plan. There may be some Native American communities which rely on Treaty-reserved fish and shellfish resources for subsistence, economic and spiritual purposes; other members of low-income communities may also rely on fishery resources for subsistence purposes. The Trustees will determine whether there are any disproportionate, adverse impacts on human health or environmental effects on implementation of any preferred alternative under a NRDA Restoration Plan on members of a tribal or other minority or low income population. The Trustees will ensure that there are no low income or ethnic minority communities that would be adversely affected by the proposed restoration activities.