Coastal Zone Management Act
16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq. 15 CFR Part 923
The goal of the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) is to preserve, protect, develop and, where possible, restore and enhance the nation's coastal resources. The federal government provides matching grants to states with federally-approved coastal management programs for the realization of these goals through the development and implementation of state coastal zone management programs. Most states have a federally-approved program. Section 1456 of the CZMA requires that any federal action inside or outside of the coastal zone that affects any land or water use or natural resources of the coastal zone shall be consistent, to the maximum extent practicable, with the enforceable policies of approved State management programs. It states that no federal license or permit may be granted without giving the State the opportunity to concur that the project is consistent with the State's coastal policies. The regulations outline the consistency procedures. Other provisions of CZMA provide for the development of special area management plans (SAMPs) for areas of the coastal zone of particular importance (16 USC 1456b(6)). In addition, Section 6217 of P.L. 101-508, codified at 16 USC 1455b, requires states with federally-approved CZM programs to develop programs for the control of coastal non-point pollution control.
In order to comply with the CZMA, the Trustees intend to seek the concurrence of the State that their preferred projects are consistent to the maximum extent practicable with the enforceable policies of the state coastal program.